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Eggs at Breakfast May Delay Hunger

Eggs at Breakfast May Delay Hunger

cracked eggs

May 11, 2012 — Starting your day off with an egg may help curb your appetite better than cereal, new research suggests.

In a small study, it took longer for people who ate eggs for breakfast to show signs of hunger than it did for those who had a bowl of ready-to-eat cereal.

Scientists suspect that egg protein may be better at making people feel full longer compared to the protein found in wheat.

For people hoping to shed some pounds, changing the type of protein in the diet, rather than the amount of it, is an idea the researchers think deserves more study as a weight loss strategy.

“This study shows that diets with higher protein quality may enhance satiety, leading to better compliance and success of a weight loss diet,” researcher Nikhil Dhurandhar, PhD, says in a news release. He is an associate professor in the department of infection and obesity at the Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge, La.

One large egg has about 70 calories, and it contains about 6 grams of protein, 5 grams of fat, and 186 milligrams of cholesterol.

The research was funded by the American Egg Board, and will be presented at the19th European Congress on Obesity in Lyon, France.

Eggs vs. Cereals

In the study, researchers tracked 20 overweight or obese people, giving them either a breakfast containing eggs or cold cereal for one week. Although the breakfasts offered different protein foods, the meals themselves were equally matched in terms of calories, carbohydrates, protein, and fat.

It’s unclear how the eggs were prepared, how many were served, or what other foods were included in the breakfast meals.

On the first and last day of the test week, people were given a buffet lunch to eat. On those days, researchers measured how hungry or full participants felt before and after breakfast and lunch, and they recorded how many calories were consumed at the buffet. They also took blood samples to determine levels of ghrelin, a hunger-stimulating hormone, and PYY3-36, a hormone that signals fullness.

Participants then got a two-week break from the research, followed by a second test week where they received the other breakfast food not had during the first week.

Researchers found that people who had eggs in the morning felt fuller before lunch, and they also ate less food from the buffet compared to those who had cereal. Egg eaters also had lower levels of ghrelin and higher amounts of PYY3-36 during the three hours between breakfast and lunch. This suggests they felt less hungry and more satisfied between meals.

“Long-term weight loss trials to compare the manipulation of protein quality without increasing protein quantity should be explored,” Dhurandhar says.

This study will be presented at a medical conference. The findings should be considered preliminary, as they have not yet undergone the “peer review” process, in which outside experts scrutinize the data prior to publication in a medical journal.

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17 Must-have foods in your diet

In the city that never sleeps, people are always into their busy schedules and have started taking their body for granted.

They have forgotten that our nutrition determines how we look, act and feel. The type of food that one eats, is quality and quantity determines ones physiological and psychological well being. And for being healthy, one requires to eat well. Here are some must-haves in your diet:

1 . Consider water
Hydrate your body. Drink at least 10 to 12 glasses of water every day. Start your morning with a glass of lukewarm water.

2 . Eat timely meals
Eat at regular intervals. Have five meals a day in which three can be main meals and two can be mid meals.

3 . Breakfast is a must
Breakfast is a must because it provides 25 per cent of the total energy and nutrients required by the body.

4 . Quality call
Good quality of food is a must. Remember the quality of food you eat determines your efficiency in your work. Avoid refined foods like white rice, maida-based products like bread, pasta etc.

5 . Go green
Make sure to include green, orange, and yellow fruits and vegetables – such as broccoli, carrots, cantaloupe, berries and citrus fruits. These fruits are rich in vitamin C and vitamin A, which may help protect against various types of cancer and other diseases.

6 . Say yes to herbal tea
Include herbal teas. Having two cups of green tea can do wonders for the skin and also increase the efficiency of our immune system.

7 . Opt for healthy fat
Enjoy healthy fats. Include omega 3 fatty acids and unsaturated fat rich foods like olive oil, flax seeds, sesame seeds, soyabean, walnuts, seafood such as tuna and salmon to increase your immunity.

8 . Fibre is important
Have fibre rich foods like oats, barley, ragi, bajra, whole wheat grains, different variety of fruits and vegetables in your diet.

9. Protein perfect
Having protein is essential. Vegetable sources of protein are beans, nuts, pulses and whole grains. These are good choices as they offer fibre, vitamins and minerals. The best animal protein choices are fish and poultry.

10. Calcium
Include adequate amount of calcium in your diet by having milk and milk products, soybeans, shrimp, ragi, sesame seeds, and leafy vegetables.

11. Vitamin B12
This is a rare vitamin. A slight deficiency of it can lead to anaemia, fatigue and depression. Vitamin B12 rich sources are oysters, liver, fish, beef, eggs, fortified cereals, milk and milk products.

12 . Healthy snack
Have healthy snacks in between to keep up the energy levels the whole day.

13 . Plate of salad
Consume a bowl of green salad every day – a simple trick to keep away excess calories.

14. Two fruits at least
Have at least two fruits everyday.

15 . Spice it up
Include spices/herbs like saunf, basil leaves, one to two cloves, ginger or garlic in your daily diet to enjoy its enormous medicinal properties.

16 . Go nuts
Have a handful of nuts a day. They are calorie dense foods packed with proteins, healthy fats and some essential vitamins and minerals.

17 . Dine right
Have early and light dinners.

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Will a Commercial Weight Loss Program Solve Our Diabetes Problem?

The single greatest risk factor for Type 2 diabetes is excess body weight. There are many options for losing weight – from self-help books to medical services – but which is best when one also needs to control blood sugar? Commercial weight loss programs, such as Jenny Craig and Weight Watchers, are being studied in a clinical trial based out of UC San Diego School of Medicine to see how effective these are for those who are overweight plus have the co-morbidity of Type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes affects the way the body is able to use glucose (sugar) for energy. Biologically, the body breaks down carbohydrates from food into glucose. This is released into the blood stream where insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps shuttle the glucose into the cells where it is used as fuel for metabolic process. For those with Type 2 diabetes, the insulin produced is not effective in getting the glucose to the cells where it needs to be, so the sugar continues to circulate in the blood. Over time, hyperglycemia (the state of having too high a level of blood sugar) damages body systems and leads to complications such as heart disease, blindness, and kidney failure.

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The American Diabetes Association notes that there is an estimated 25.8 million children and adults in the United States with diabetes. In addition, there are about 79 million people who have prediabetes, a condition of high blood sugar that typically comes before the clinical diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes.

Healthcare costs for this disease is astounding. The ADA notes that the average medical expenditure among people with diagnosed diabetes was 2.3 times higher than those not affected. The nation spent $116 billion dollars in direct medical costs in 2007.

The primary treatment for Type 2 diabetes is diet modification and exercise. Normally, a patient will be referred to a Diabetes Educator (either a Registered Nurse or a Registered Dietitian) who help design a meal plan for the patient to follow. Unfortunately, there is a high rate of dropout from these programs.

Would a commercial weight loss program be more effective in helping diabetic patients bring blood sugar levels back to normal? Cheryl Rock, PhD, RD, professor in the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine at the UC San Diego School of Medicine, hopes to find out.

“We know that commercial weight loss programs can contribute to weight loss. Now we ask if they can have an impact on diabetes,” she says. “We want to find out if participants using a weight loss program do better than those who receive individualized dietary counseling with a registered dietitian.”

A UK study last year found that commercial weight loss programs were more effective and cheaper than primary-care based services led by specially trained staff. Researchers with the University of Birmingham found that a 12-week Weight Watchers program helped patients achieve an average 4.4 kg (9.7 pound) weight loss versus a general practice one-on-one program where the average loss was only 1.4 kg (3.1 pounds).

A separate study found that the Weight Watchers program was effective in preventing Type 2 diabetes in those with pre-diabetes.

The UC San Diego program “Take Charge” will be a study that will utilize the Jenny Craig system for evaluating effects on Type 2 diabetic patients who are either overweight or obese. For the trial, volunteers will be divided into three groups. Group one will receive dietary counseling including menu planning and exercise advice from a Registered Dietitian. The other two groups will receiving dietary counseling at a commercial facility and receive pre-packaged meals coinciding with the assigned diet. Outcomes to be measured in addition to blood sugar levels will include waist circumference, cardiovascular fitness, and feelings and quality of life.

Until the results are in, the best advice for those with either pre-diabetes or Type 2 diabetes is to find a program that works with your particular needs. Group settings such as Weight Watchers meetings are often helpful because they combine social support with weight loss advice. Church groups have also been found to be successful. Be sure to find one that not only focuses on diet, but also on increased physical activity.

With any chronic medical condition, it is very important to check with your doctor first and to keep him or her apprised of your progress.

Source: University of California, San Diego Health Sciences

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FDA Panel Gives Nod to New Diet Drug

SILVER SPRING, Md. — An FDA advisory committee has voted 18-4, with one abstention, in favor of approving Lorqess as the first new weight-loss drug in more than a decade.

The FDA’s Endocrinologic and Metabolic Drugs Advisory Committee on Thursday afternoon voted that the benefits of Lorqess outweigh its risks, despite the modest weight loss provided by the drug and a lack of data to rule out heart valve issues. If approved, lorcaserin would be an option for those with a BMI of 30 or more, or a BMI of 27 with comorbidities related to obesity.

The panelists agreed that lorcaserin caused a statistically significant greater number of patients (more than double) to lose at least 5 percent of their total weight compared with placebo, which is one of the FDA’s requirements for approving weight-loss drugs.

Read this story on www.medpagetoday.com.

But the difference in weight loss between the lorcaserin group and the placebo group was small — just a 3.3 percent difference. The placebo group in the company’s clinical trials also had diet and exercise counseling, so the difference in between the two groups may have been smaller than what it would be in the real world, some panelists pointed out.

There were some patients dubbed “responders” for whom the weight drug did seem to work particularly well. More than one-third of patients taking lorcaserin lost 11 percent of their weight, or 25 pounds total, according to Lorqess manufacturer Arena Pharmaceuticals.

This is not the first time Lorqess has come before this panel. In 2010, the committee voted against recommending approval for Lorqess, citing a variety of concerns, including a less-than-impressive weight loss and data from animal studies suggesting that Lorqess increased the risk of tumors in rodents. The FDA rejected Arena’s application shortly after, asking for more safety data.

Arena submitted new safety data to the FDA, and the advisory committee members, for the most part, were convinced by the new data.

The panel examined data that seemed to link lorcaserin use to mammary adenocarcinoma in rats, but determined the risk for tumors in humans wasn’t worrisome.

The panel was not convinced, however, that there were enough data to rule out a link between Lorqess and valvular heart disease. Several panelists suggested that if Lorqess is approved, patients should regularly be screened for heart valve disease via echocardiogram.

Dr. Abraham Thomas, an endocrinologist at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit and chairman of the panel, said in addition to the valvulopathy concerns, he also worried about how Lorqess might interact with other drugs commonly used by people trying to lose weight.

Cardiovascular risks have long plagued diet drug development. Fen-phen was yanked from the market in the 1990s after reports of heart value issues, and more recently, in 2010 the obesity drug Meridia was pulled from the market after being linked to cardiovascular complications.

An FDA advisory committee recommended in March 2012 that companies that make obesity drugs should rule out excessive cardiovascular risk prior to drug approval. Lorqess was developed prior to that meeting, so its clinical trials weren’t designed to capture cardiovascular risk. And panelists seemed to forgive Arena for not having adequate cardiovascular data given that the FDA “moved the goal posts” on obesity trials midway through.

Michael Phelps On London 2012 Olympics, His New Post-Swimming Diet And …

With the London 2012 Summer Olympics drawing close, The Huffington Post caught up with swimmer Michael Phelps, who with 16 medals, is now just three Olympic medals away from breaking the all-time record of former Soviet gymnast Larisa Latynina. Phelps, 26, recently announced his upcoming retirement and that 2012 will be his third and final Olympiad. Leading up to the games, Phelps is playing a significant role in Visa’s Go World campaign. And, with 14 gold medals to his name already, the Baltimore native already has most of any Olympic athlete ever.

How are you feeling?

I mean I’m excited. Over the last couple years, I haven’t really been as prepared as I want to be. Being able to find the fire and passion again, and I guess finding something that excites me is something that will hopefully turn into better performance over the next couple months, and that I’ll be able to be happy at the end of my career.

You had debated not participating in London for quite some time. What ultimately made you want to swim again?

It’s hard to pinpoint one thing; I knew I always had goals and things I wanted to accomplish, but I think the biggest thing was just being able to find that passion back again. Once I found it, it was easy for me to go to work out. I wanted to go and I wanted to try and achieve my goals. I’m glad I was able to find and it was something that I could only find myself. Nobody could force me to find that.

Is there one event come London that you don’t feel especially confident going into?

I think for right now, when we go into trials, we’re going to swim the events that we feel most confident with. We’re not going to have an event that we’re second guessing or not really sure how it’s going to go. Once we swim every event there, we’re going to pretty much know.

How many events are you planning to swim in London?

I won’t be doing eight again; who knows how many? It just depends what kind of shape I’m in at that point and what I think my body can handle under those circumstances.

With the swimming events completed early, are you able to enjoy the Olympic experience?

In Beijing, I was able to watch a couple basketball games, but I had so much to do after it was hard to really do a bunch of stuff. Now, who knows; after this, I don’t really have anything that I’m preparing for. Maybe I will be able to enjoy it a little bit more, just have fun and relax.

Your mother has been quoted saying she wants to attend the 2016 Olympics with you in Rio. Will you be able to actually go and just be a regular fan?

Yeah, I think it’ll be fun; seeing the sport from the deck is different than being on the block. Being able to be in the stands and enjoying everything about the Olympic atmosphere is something I am hoping to do.

What will Michael Phelps be doing one year from now?

Well, I want to first take time for myself and be able to relax, have a vacation and have some fun. Another thing is I have a passion for working with kids, so being able to work with my foundation more. My swim school is something I know will be fun for me. Being able to have that genuine smile on my face I think is something you see a lot, but more around kids than anything else.

Drowning is the second highest fatality factor for youth in America. How important is your foundation and helping children learn to swim?

I will be retiring, but that’s from my competitive side of the sport. There are still other things I want to do that don’t necessarily have anything to do with me competing, whether it’s teaching a kid how to swim or teaching kids how to set goals or to live healthy and active lifestyles. That’s something that I feel is very important. If I can help them accomplish their goals and dreams, it’s a pretty special feeling.

What about you? Your workout schedule is going to take a drastic turn, right?

I don’t know; it’s going to be weird.

And how about your eating habits?

It’s going to be different for me to not have five hours of working out in my schedule every single day, so there will be some things I have to change. I want to be able to golf some more and I know that there is flexibility and strength you still need for that. I see myself taking a couple months off but not completely letting go.

You are also famous for consuming 10,000 calories per day. Are you going to continue eating that much?

No; I don’t eat that much today and I definitely won’t be able to do it when I’m done swimming.

Check out photos of Michael Phelps visiting The Huffington Post offices below!

  • Michael Phelps

    14-time Olympic gold medal winner Michael Phelps talks The Huffington Post in New York on Tuesday May 8, 2012. (Damon Dahlen, AOL)

  • Michael Phelps

    Six-foot-four Michael Phelps and his six-foot-seven wingspan on display in New York on Tuesday May 8, 2012. (Damon Dahlen, AOL)

  • Michael Phelps

    14-time Olympic gold medal winner Michael Phelps talks The Huffington Post in New York on Tuesday May 8, 2012. (Damon Dahlen, AOL)

  • Michael Phelps

    14-time Olympic gold medal winner Michael Phelps talks The Huffington Post in New York on Tuesday May 8, 2012. The 26-year-old is currently sleeping in a hyperbolic chamber simulated up to 9,000 feet above sea level to prepare for the London Games. (Damon Dahlen, AOL)

  • Michael Phelps

    14-time Olympic gold medal winner Michael Phelps talks The Huffington Post in New York on Tuesday May 8, 2012. The 26-year-old is currently sleeping in a hyperbolic chamber simulated up to 9,000 feet above sea level to prepare for the London Games. (Damon Dahlen, AOL)

Email me at [email protected] or ask me questions about anything sports-related @206Child.

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