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Archive for » February 11th, 2017«

Does losing weight prevent cancer?

SEATTLE, Wash. (Ivanhoe Newswire) – For years, we’ve heard about the importance of diet and exercise when it comes to improving and maintaining overall health. Now researchers in Seattle say diet and exercise can help to reduce the proteins in the blood that can increase your cancer risk.

Seventy-seven-year-old Luanne Isom Mills loves working out, but that wasn’t always the case. Mills not only got fit as a senior, she racked up an impressive three indoor rowing world records and 13 world championships. Mills said she got her start by participating in a study of diet and exercise and cancer prevention.

“It changed my self-perception and I think it did for a lot of people in the studies,” Mills told Ivanhoe.

The study at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center on post-menopausal women found a surprising decrease in angiogenesis markers, proteins in the blood that can promote cancer.

Anne McTiernan, M.D., PhD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, detailed, “We saw a significant reduction. We were surprised at how much of a reduction and the significance of it in these markers. Between ten and 20 percent reduction.”

Some of the women in the study worked out 45 minutes a day, five days a week. Others ate a low-fat diet to lose around ten percent of their weight over a one year period. Researchers say there are drugs to reduce those protein levels, but they were surprised diet and exercise had such a significant effect.

Dr. McTiernan said, “This was very interesting because no one had looked at this before. So this was really a novel research project and a novel finding.”

Dr. McTiernan said it would be especially important to have the diet and exercise study done with patients who currently have cancer to see if they also experience the same decrease in proteins.

Contributors to this news report include: Cyndy McGrath, Supervising Producer; Nicole Sanchez, Field Producer; Milvionne Chery, Assistant Producer; Roque Correa, Editor.

Copyright 2017 by Ivanhoe Newswire – All rights reserved.

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Revealed: The 4 most common diet mistakes – and how to fix them

How well did you stick to your New Year’s resolutions this year? 

If you’re one of the many people who started out full of good intentions but slid off the diet wagon as early as mid-January, now might be the time to try a different approach. 

Registered nutritional therapist Jackie Lynch offers her top tips on four common dieting mistakes to help you see just where you might be going wrong and how you can adjust your approach to achieve successful weight loss:

1. SKIPPING MEALS 

This might seem like a logical quick fix, but skipping meals on a regular basis confuses your metabolism and could lead to more weight gain in the long term. 

Our eating behavior is controlled by hormones such as leptin, which tells your brain if you need to stop or carry on eating and grehlin which manages hunger. 

Short term fasting leads to a dramatic drop in leptin levels, indicating a state of famine to the brain and stimulating your appetite. 

Never skip a meal: Short term fasting leads to a dramatic drop in leptin levels, indicating a state of famine to the brain and stimulating your appetite, according to Jackie Lynch

Skipping breakfast may seem like a smart way to keep calories down, but a recent study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition suggests that people who miss breakfast eat far more later on in the day than people who regularly eat breakfast, because ghrelin levels remain unchecked.

SOLUTION  

According to research, a high protein breakfast is the key to managing ghrelin levels – opting for an egg or adding nuts and seeds to porridge or cereal could make a big difference to your appetite control.

2. EXCESSIVE PORTIONS 

Misunderstanding portion size is one of the most common mistakes when trying to maintain a healthy weight. 

For example, a standard cereal portion is between 30-50g but most people help themselves to far more. 

It’s not just about a balanced diet, the correct proportion of each food group within that balance is essential. 

It’s perfectly possible to lose weight without eliminating whole food groups, but by simply restricting the portions.

The correct proportion of each food group within that balance is essential

SOLUTION 

Take some time to measure out and mentally register correct portion sizes of your favorite foods, so that you know what you’re aiming for when you’re in a rush or eating out. 

Try investing in a meal preparation and portion control appliance such as newly launched, MealKitt, which assists with weight management.

3. HIDDEN SUGAR 

It isn’t difficult to spot and avoid refined sugar, but it’s a common misconception to assume that ‘healthy’ sugar is fine. 

The single biggest culprit when it comes to weight gain is excess sugar in any form, as it generates the release of insulin which encourages the body to lay down fat stores. 

Products such as honey, dried fruits and fruit juice are full of hidden traps, as they contain vast amounts of sugars in each portion.

Honey, dried fruits and fruit juice are full of hidden traps, as they contain vast amount of sugar

SOLUTION 

Eat the whole fruit but avoid the juiced versions. 

Fruit is naturally high in fructose, which is fruit sugar, but it also contains plenty of fiber which helps to balance out the sugar.

4. EATING FAT MAKES YOU FAT 

This is the most common misconception out there and many people automatically fill their trolley with low-fat products assuming this will help them to lose weight. 

Dietary fat doesn’t make you fat – it does a number of other things, such as balancing hormones, supporting brain and cardiac function, ensuring the absorption of certain vitamins and producing sex hormones. 

It’s also responsible for much of the flavor in our food, which is why manufacturers often add sugar (or salt) to low-fat products, as the flavor has been stripped out along with the fat. 

Dietary fats balance hormones, support brain and cardiac function, ensure the absorption of certain vitamins and produce sex hormones

This is a real problem, as excess sugar is the single biggest factor when it comes to weight gain.

SOLUTION 

Take a close look at the labels of any low-fat products to make sure you’re not introducing excess sugar into your diet. A teaspoon of sugar is roughly 4g, so it’s simple enough to do the maths. 

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Exercise and a healthy diet help prevent Type 2 diabetes

Buncombe County, like much of the nation, has a diabetes problem. The disease was ranked as the 10th-leading cause of death in the county in the 2015 Community Health Assessment, an annual gathering of data from residents to determine local wellness in relation to state and national averages. While there are numerous reasons why this has become an epidemic, the assessment found that 23.5 percent of Buncombe adults are obese, and that just over 30 percent of students in K-5 public schools are overweight or obese, factors that increase the incidence of diabetes.

The good news: Asheville-area health professionals say there are affordable and accessible ways to address this growing risk for generations young and old. A wealth of information, diet trends and practices has emerged to address weight loss and the prevention of diabetes.

Christin Banman, a registered dietitian with Mountain Kidney and Hypertension Associates, is accustomed to dealing with the factors that lead to diabetes, Type 2 in particular. “You immediately have to get into the home life situation with these issues,” she says. “Who does the cooking? Who’s in the house?” The majority of her patients have fought weight gain, high blood pressure and long-standing medical issues their entire lives. Their multiple problems create the onset of Type 2 diabetes, she says, which in turn causes kidney malfunction due to higher levels of blood sugar.

Banman’s advice for someone who has contracted the disease and is seeking reversal of the diagnosis is similar to that she’d offer anyone who is prediabetic. She recommends affordable and simple dietary solutions that include buying frozen vegetables for cost and longevity, avoiding most beverages in favor of purchasing foods, buying grains in bulk, and shopping at Aldi and other affordable markets in their area.

Watching your weight is key to help preventing Type 2 diabetes, Banman says. “I really feel like if someone can jump start or hit the restart button with the sugar busters or Atkins diet just to get an initial amount of weight off, I’m a supporter of that. I think the long-term benefits of just getting a little bit of weight off exceed the consequences of that diet.

“I think what we’re dealing with is what’s referred to as a toxic food environment, where we have heavily marketed, very inexpensive, unhealthy foods on every corner — in hospitals, airports and even in our school systems,” she continues. “This food environment surrounds us. So it’s hard for me to argue with someone who says, ‘The croissant sandwiches were two-for-one on the way in.’ With someone that has limited food money, that speaks. So that’s part of the food environment we’re dealing with.”

Diabetes and lifestyle

Type 2 diabetes affects 29.1 million people in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The most common causes for the onset of this illness are obesity, smoking, physical inactivity, age, family history, high blood pressure and a high alcohol intake, according to WebMD.

Diabetes causes blood glucose levels to rise above normal. When people eat, their bodies turn food into glucose, or sugars, for their body to use as energy. The pancreas creates the hormone insulin, which allows those sugars to get into the cells of the body. But with Type 2 diabetes, the body is no longer able to use its own insulin as well as it should, causing sugar to build up in the blood.