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Archive for » September 10th, 2017«

The best diet plans to lose weight healthily – The Telegraph

On day four, you can eat up to eight bananas, three glasses of milk and a ‘GM wonder soup’ that consists of cabbage, onion and other green vegetables.

On the fifth day, eat two portions of lean protein (beef, chicken or fish) and six tomatoes. Day six you can eat unlimited protein and vegetables and on the final day you can enjoy unlimited fruit and vegetables and brown rice, but no protein.

The expert says

“This diet is very restrictive and you are likely to miss out on nutrients and feel dizzy, tired and faint. You may have to cut back on exercise; only very low intensity exercise is recommended such as yoga.

The rapid weight loss is unlikely to be true fat loss but water weight – which you will regain very quickly if you start eating carbs again.

You may lose some muscle which will reduce your metabolic rate in the long-term and you may find it harder to maintain your weight.”

South Beach

A two-week, low-GI diet, prioritising heart health.  Three meals and two snacks a day consist of lean protein, meat, fish, poultry and some low-GI vegetables and unsaturated fats.

While there is no calorie counting or portion limits. There is, however, an exercise plan to follow.

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5 Things You Didn’t Know About Detoxing!

People are going crazy about detoxing, the trend that started thanks to popular celebs who swore by detox diets to their transformed body. Though celebrities sweat by they juice cleanse, dietitians have always viewed this trend with a critical eye. For those who don’t know detoxing or detox diet is a practice followed by people to eliminate toxins from the body. Though different detox diets vary from each other, but the basic ideology of all detoxing is typically a period of fasting is followed by a strict diet of raw vegetables, fruit and fruit juices, and water. It cleanses and removes all the toxin from the body. There are a lot of misconceptions about detoxing, here are thing you did not know about detoxing. (ALSO READ How to take detox bath: Here’s how to take a detox bath at home to relax and rejuvenate).

Short time detox is least successful

Though short term detox diets are the most popular ones, but they are often the least successful. Short term detox program includes 24-hour juice fasting,colon cleansing, skin cleansing. These short term fixes can eliminate key nutrients from your diet. So when you start juice cleanse you deprive your body of protein or fiber of any nutrient. Also, getting a colon cleansing done for the purpose of detox harmful, increasing your risk of contracting infections.

Detox is not for overcoming addiction

Many people associate the whole process of detoxing to overcome alcohol, drug and substance abuse. Also, there are people who believe that this is a common way to lose weight, but the primary goal of any detox method is to eliminate all the negative effects on the body as our body is exposed to a lot of chemicals, pesticides, secondary smoke and pollution.

Consult a doctor before detox

If you are planning an at-home detox program, consult your doctor. Always receive medical consultation before you begin detoxing to improve your overall health and wellness. If the results you are looking to achieve does not seem appropriate for detoxing then the professional will see to it that you receive the best treatment regime.

Your body is designed to naturally detox

For those who don’t know, your body is already designed to naturally detox itself, so it is not necessary to follow these fad diets ro keep your system clean. Your body naturally fights and eliminates toxins through your skin, urinary system and gastrointestinal tract constantly helping to cleanse your body.

A balanced diet is better than detox diet

If you switch to a balanced and healthy diet, it will you detox your body better than any other cleanse program. The best way to protect your body from toxins is to consume a healthy diet, consisting of fresh fruits, vegetables, high-quality protein, fiber-rich carbohydrates, healthy fats, vitamins, minerals to keep your digestive tract and organs healthy.

Photograph: Shutterstock

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Fat Chance: Why Diet Advice Seems to Keep Changing

Carbohydrates are out, fat is in and fresh fruit and vegetables have lost some of their luster, after a vast global study published in the Lancet last week concluded that present dietary guidelines to maintain cardiovascular health are askew.

When the gigantic study group of over 130,000 people was divided into five groups based on fat consumption, the group eating the most fat – of any origin! – were 23 percent less likely to die during the study than those who ate the least. Animal, vegetable – didn’t matter, fat improved survival.

Fats (although not trans fats) were not significantly associated with risk of heart attack, the new study found.

It had bad news for pasta lovers, though. A higher carbohydrate intake was associated with higher risk of total mortality.

Again separating the vast study group into five groups based on carbohydrate habits, those who ate the most carbs were 28 percent more likely to die from any cause during the study than those who ate the least.

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Why do dietary recommendations keep changing? Why do the health authorities keep “getting it wrong”? Who should we believe?

Diet recommendations change because of new information. Leaving political agendas aside, if the health authorities “get it wrong,” it’s usually because of partial information or parameters left out. When new information comes in, the conclusions are updated.

So it’s not that the health authorities keep getting it wrong; it’s that the process of formulating dietary recommendations is ridiculously hard. There are an insanely high number of parameters, and more information gets added every day.

Strands of spaghetti at the Barilla pasta plant in Parma, Italy. A higher carbohydrate intake was associated with a higher risk of total mortality.Bloomberg

In any case, the bottom line of last week’s study showing that fat is good and carbohydrates are bad is EXACTLY the same as in every other dietary study not done by people wearing tinfoil hats: what really matters is moderation.

“Our study showed that the nature of association between nutrients and health outcomes are more complex than previously assumed and it depends on the amount of nutrient consumed,” lead author Dr. Mahshid Dehghan of McMaster University explained to Haaretz. “If total fat and major types (saturated and unsaturated fats) are consumed in moderation, no adverse consequences will be expected,” she said.

Coffee had also been in the doghouse for decades, but today the pendulum has swung in its favor, by and large, based on the latest information. And don’t even ask about chocolate and red wine.

Who should we believe? Our own common sense, while doing our best not to cherry-pick information. We should reach our own conclusions, based on the state of our health, family history of intolerances and factor in all the information in our possession, not some of it. Good luck with that.

Hold that apple

The latest nutritional bombshell – fat good, carbs bad – arrived courtesy of the Lancet, which studied correlations between diet and cardiovascular disease.

During the test period (2003 to 2013), nearly 5,800 of the test subjects died and 4,800 had cardiovascular trouble – meaning anything from coronaries to strokes.

To live longer, people should eat more fat than currently recommended, and derive less of their energy from carbohydrates than is currently recommended, says the paper. The findings apply to the general population without history of cardiovascular disease, the authors explain.

Nor do people have to eat five portions of fruit and vegetables (or legumes) daily, as the World Health Organization recommends. Three to four will do, according to the Lancet.

You can gorge on fruit and vegetables until the cows come home. But the added value beyond three or four portions seems to be negligible. So if fruit vegetables are costly in your area and/or you just don’t like them, you can scale back – a little.

Just this February, the press was reporting – based on a different major study, encompassing two million people – that if five portions of fruit and vegetables is good, 10 is better.

In fact, the two studies are not incompatible. “Serving sizes must be considered when comparing the results,” co-author Victoria Miller of McMaster University told Haaretz. Once serving sizes are adjusted, the two studies are compatible.

“We found that higher fruit, vegetable and legume intake is associated with a lower risk of total mortality,” Miller elaborated. “Our findings show the lowest risk of death in those who consume three to four servings of fruit, vegetables and legumes per day (equivalent to 375 to 500 grams), with little additional benefit for intake beyond that range.”

Our friend butter

Presently, the WHO recommends that people derive 30 percent of their energy needs from fat. It also urges avoiding the kind of saturated fats found in meat and dairy. One recommendation seems low, the second misguided. How were the “wrong” recommendations reached, and how did they remain in place for so long?

“The guidelines were developed some four decades back, mainly using data from some European countries (such as Finland) where fat and saturated fat intakes were very high – for instance, total fat intake was greater than 40 percent of caloric intake and saturated fats was greater than 20 percent of caloric intake,” explains Dehghan. “It is not clear whether the harm seen at such high levels applies to current global intakes, or countries outside of North America and Europe where fat intakes are much lower.

“Also, for decades, dietary guidelines have largely focused on reducing total fat and saturated fat intake based on the idea that reducing fat consumption should reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease,” she continues. “But this did not take into account what nutrients replace saturated fats in the diet.”

Since carbs are cheap, they came to replace fats – especially saturated fat, Dehghan says. That has turned out to be a bad idea.

Anyway, saturated fats are found in animal products and dairy. The new science says they’re safe to eat (cardiovascularly speaking).

Unsaturated fats derive from plants and fish. They are also fine to eat.

Trans fats (sometimes nicknamed hydrogenated oil) are made by industry from certain unsaturated fats. They are used to extend the shelf life of industrial foods, like margarine, bourekas and cookies. They are not considered fine to eat.

The new study recommends both saturated and unsaturated fats as lowering the total mortality risk but not trans fat, says the paper. They didn’t study trans fats, says Dehghan, adding, “The harm of trans fat has been shown by many studies.”

Why had scientists reached other recommendations? Again, it’s all about parameters and environments. For one thing, the guidelines were based on a skewed data base. “Most available data are from European and North American populations where nutrition excess is more likely, so their applicability to other populations is unclear,” they drily write in the Lancet.

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Study: Mediterranean diet stems acid-reflux, stops need for drugs

Consumption of a plant-based diet and filtered water can effectively treat a common medical condition characterized by the backflow of stomach acids into the upper airway and throat, eliminating the need for medications, physicians at The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research have found.

The discovery promises a way to treat laryngopharyngeal reflux, or LPR — an acid-related condition that affects millions of people worldwide — and to dramatically cut related health-care costs, they said.

Central to the therapy is what is known as the Mediterranean diet, which includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts, as well as water that is alkaline in its chemical composition.

LPR is related to gastrointestinal reflux disease — GERD, or heartburn. Both disorders involve the flow of acidic stomach acids, enzymes and undigested foods into the esophagus, or food tube. LPR differs because the fluids travel into the throat and sometimes the nasal passageway, trachea and lungs.

“There’s no question that it’s a chronic disease,” Dr. Craig H. Zalvan, a medical scientist at The Feinstein Institute in Manhasset who led the study, said in an interview last week. He noted that LPR is widely underdiagnosed and often misdiagnosed as asthma.

The researchers examined whether whole foods or medications best treated LPR. The results revealed that the foods, which reduced stomach acid, were equal to the medications in controlling the condition.

Zalvan and a team of collaborators at New York Medical College in Valhalla reported their findings in the journal JAMA Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery.

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The same approach likely is possible for GERD, Zalvan said, but that condition was not studied in his research.

Both conditions increase the risk for esophageal cancer because of the constant acid presence in the esophagus, Zalvan said, and LPR also escalates chances for throat cancer.

Currently, both LPR and GERD are treated with proton-pump inhibitors, drugs such as Nexium, Prevacid and Prilosec. The medications have drawn spotlights in recent years because studies have linked them to kidney disease, dementia, stroke and heart attack.

LPR causes patients to have a sour taste in the mouths, he said, and many tend to have a mild hoarseness to their voices. They cough frequently and say they feel as if there is a lump in their throats. Many have difficulty swallowing. Most clear their throats constantly, and almost all develop a reddened and swollen voice box.

Some patients have both LPR and GERD, but “you don’t have to have one to develop the other,” added Zalvan, who also is chief of otolaryngology and medical director of The Institute for Voice and Swallowing Disorders at Northwell Health’s Phelps Hospital in Sleepy Hollow.

Valerie Herman, 63, a study participant from Putnam County, said the eating plan has dramatically changed her life.

“I have been following the diet religiously over the last four to six months and I am not coughing as much,” she said. “I had been coughing constantly for the past six to seven years.”

Herman said she used to cough so much and so hard that she often nearly vomited, but the diet has quieted the cough and eliminated other symptoms as well. Along with fruits, vegetables and other foods, Zalvan and his team required that Herman also drink water that is alkaline in its chemical composition to further reduce acid.

Acidic vegetables, such as tomatoes, are not eaten in the program.

While acknowledging that his research isn’t the “be all and end all” of treating acid reflux, additional studies may help other doctors move away from medications, Zalvan said.

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“Sixty percent of Americans over age 60 are on a PPI,” he said, and pharmaceutical companies earn about $16 billion a year on the drugs.

Last month, an analysis by doctors at Washington University in St. Louis suggested the medications increased the overall risk of death in patients who routinely take them.

Herman said she was surprised that the diet of fruits, vegetables and alkaline water worked so well.

“I went through bouts of taking Prilosec and Nexium, but they didn’t decrease [the symptoms] enough to make a difference,” she said.

SNAP benefits are not enough to provide a healthy diet, study says …

Sept. 7 (UPI) — A new study from North Carolina State University found that Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or SNAP, benefits may not be enough for a healthy diet.

The study, published in the September edition of the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, found SNAP benefits only cover 43 to 60 percent of what it costs to consume a diet that fulfills federal guidelines for a healthy diet.

“The federal government has defined what constitutes a healthy diet, and we wanted to know how financially feasible it was for low-income households, who qualify for SNAP benefits, to follow these guidelines,” Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, an assistant professor of agricultural and human sciences at NC State, said in a press release.

Researchers analyzed the cost to follow federal dietary guidelines based on the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s monthly retail price data from 2015 for fruits, vegetables, dairy, grains and proteins.

The amount of benefits vary based on household income and family size, and dietary requirements vary based on age and gender.

“We found significant variability in the costs associated with following federal dietary guidelines,” Haynes-Maslow said. “For example, it was most expensive to consume only fresh produce, and it was least expensive to consume a vegetarian diet. Many low-income households simply don’t have an additional $500 or $600 to spend on food in their monthly budget.”

The study did show that SNAP benefits were enough to cover the cost of healthy dietary needs for children under the age of 8 and women over the age of 51, but was not enough to cover healthy dietary needs for older children, younger women and men of any age.

“Even though SNAP is not designed to cover all of the cost of food — it’s meant to be a supplemental food program — this study makes it clear that there would be many low-income households that would not be able to cover the gap needed to eat a diet consistent with federal dietary guidelines,” Haynes Maslow said. “Even without including labor costs, a household of four would need to spend approximately $200-$300 in addition to their SNAP benefits to follow the dietary guidelines.”

Weight loss: How eating EGGS every day could help you lose weight FAST

The group were assigned to Egg (E), Egg Diet (ED), Bagel (B) or Bagel Diet (BD) groups. 

That meant they got either an egg breakfast containing two eggs (340 kcal) or a breakfast containing bagels matched for energy density and total energy for five days a week.

After just eight weeks, in comparison to the BD group, the ED group showed a 61 per cent greater reduction in BMI. 

Scientists conducting the research believe the egg breakfast enhances weight loss when combined with an energy-deficit diet. 

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