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Weight loss: Woman loses 4.5 stone following THIS simple diet plan

“Then I swapped my cocktails for gin and tonics or vodka sodas and I did reduce my drinking quite substantially,” she added.

For her food however the student decided to ditch meat all together, with incredible results.

“I switched to an almost entirely vegetarian based meal plan, as veggies are low calorie and filling but more importantly they’re cheaper!” she said.

“I tend to make burrito bowls full of veg, rice cakes or corn cakes with peanut butter is my go to evening snack. 

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This Diet Could Help You Lose Weight Twice As Fast As Other Diets

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Most dieters have one rule: The faster they can lose weight, the better. Now, science has one more tip to get down to that weight goal in a jiffy. (You can also try these 42 fast, easy tricks for major weight loss.)

Lead author Dr. Hana Kahleová, director of clinical research at the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine in Washington DC, and her colleagues spent six months following weight loss among 74 type 2 diabetes patients. Their new study, published in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition, aimed to determine the most effective diet for weight loss, a conventional diabetic diet or a plant-based, vegetarian one.

Half of the participants were randomly assigned to the conventional diet group, while the other half were assigned to the vegetarian diet group. Both diets reduced participants’ calorie intake by 500 calories per day, and all meals were provided to the participants. Halfway through the study, an aerobic exercise program was added to the participants’ dietary regimen.

The researchers then checked in on the participants’ progress zero, three, and six months into the study, using MRI scans to measure changes in fat composition.

Their results: Although both groups consumed the same amount of calories per day, the plant-based vegetarian diet group lost nearly twice as much weight as the conventional diet group, on average—13.7 pounds as compared to 7.1 pounds. Moreover, the vegetarian group showed greater reductions in muscle fat than their counterparts on the conventional diet.

“What we found is that a plant-based vegetarian diet is a helpful tool for anyone who is serious about staying healthy and lean, especially as we age,” Dr. Kahleová told Medical News Today. She called this result “a metabolic reboot, especially for people who struggle with extra weight, a sluggish metabolism, or type 2 diabetes.”

Thinking of going vegetarian? Learn how to transition your diet, and get started today with these 14 amazing vegetarian dinner recipes.

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Diet to boost brain health: The food YOU should be eating to improve brain function

“In doing so, we sought to understand if brain network organisation mediated the relationship between fatty acids and general intelligence.”

The study was published in the journal NeuroImage.

Studies have previously found those who regularly eat plenty of fish, fruit, vegetables and nuts but consume little dairy or red meat have a much slower rate of memory loss.

Roy Hardman, from Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne, Australia, conducted a study revealing the link between the Mediterranean diet and cognition.

He said: “There is encouraging evidence a higher adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with improving cognition, slowing cognitive decline or reducing the conversion to Alzheimer’s.”

This comes after experts found the Mediterranean diet was key to staying healthy.

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Where does the fat actually go when you lose weight?


(Picture: Ella Byworth for Metro.co.uk)

Losing weight is a miraculous process.

Burning fat, in particular, is arduous and long. It takes a while to see the effect of regular, intense exercise and a balanced diet.

The powerful reason this Instagrammer says she’ll never share a bikini picture again

Once the burn gets going, however, it can be transformative. It can make you move easier, feel better.

But have you ever wondered exactly where all that fat is going?

Does it just get dissolved and absorbed into the body? Does it melt into nothing? Does it become muscle?

It’s a no to all three.

Fat actually exits the body as carbon dioxide.

According to a study by UNSW Australia, ‘the correct answer is that most of the mass is breathed out as carbon dioxide. It goes into thin air’.

The research, published in the British Medical Journal, reveals that 10kg of fat turns into 8.4kg of CO2 and 1.6kg of water. We breathe out the carbon dioxide and we excrete the water as urine, tears, sweat and other bodily fluids.

And no, that doesn’t mean you can lose weight simply by breathing quicker.

The body has to go through a metabolic process of converting the fat into CO2 before it then naturally gets rid of it.

And the only way you can get it to that stage is through regular exercise and a healthy nutritional plan.

But you know, useful trivia.

MORE: Fitness blogger’s ‘Insta Girl Edit’ proves that you can’t tell what’s been edited or not anymore

MORE: The powerful reason this Instagrammer says she’ll never share a bikini picture again

The Call-In: Conflicting Diet Advice



LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST:

This is the Call-In.

(SOUNDBITE OF CORDUROI’S “MY DEAR”)

WERTHEIMER: And today, we’re talking diet.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #1: I am hearing a lot about magnesium.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN #1: Why is the world not eating more of the natural things given on this planet, like the seed?

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #2: We eat lots of organic berries. We drink raw milk.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN #2: Currently, I’ve been eating sausages and drinking bullet-proof coffee.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN #3: I’m a vegan. And it’s really, really agreed with me.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #3: That is my message. Thank you.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN #4: Could you explain some of that?

WERTHEIMER: When it comes to diet advice, there are a lot of conflicting ideas out there. And a recent study published in the medical journal The Lancet, which has gotten a ton of attention, adds to that debate. The findings challenge some of the traditional thinking about what defines a healthy diet. We’ll take your questions and talk about this study with NPR food and health correspondent Allison Aubrey. Allison, this is yet another study that looks at the role of fat and carbs and how our diet choices can influence our health. Tell us about the study.

ALLISON AUBREY, BYLINE: Well, researchers looked at the dietary habits of tens of thousands of people in 18 countries, including many lower-income countries – so places like Bangladesh and India – and some middle-income countries, too – Turkey and Poland. What they found is that people who get most of their calories from carbohydrates had about a 25 percent higher risk of premature death compared to people who ate fewer calories.

Now, this is kind of confusing because there are lots of things that are carbohydrate-rich, right? I mean, a Jelly Belly has a lot of carbohydrates. Candy has a lot of carbohydrates, but so do fruits and whole grains. So here’s the part of the study that helps give insight about the impact of diet on our health.

The next part of the study researchers looked at people who consumed a lot of vegetables, a lot of beans, a lot of fruits – so these are the good carbohydrates you can think of. They had a lower risk of death. Now, when you put these two things together, I think the strong suggestion here is that it’s these refined carbohydrates and sugars – all the packaged crackers and chips – these seem to be driving the risk, at least that’s the conclusion of some of the scientists who looked at this.

WERTHEIMER: And what was the reaction?

AUBREY: Well, you know, I think some nutrition experts look at this. And they say, hey, look, this is more evidence that the war on fat that we had – these messages to eat less fat – really shifted dietary habits so that people started consuming more carbs. People didn’t really get the message to eat, you know, whole grains and fruits and vegetables. What they seemed to get the message on was to eat more refined carbohydrates. And this, certainly, didn’t do any favors for our waistlines or for our health.

WERTHEIMER: Well, let’s find out what listeners want to know. Here’s a comment from a health teacher.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #4: (Unintelligible). And I pretty much tell my kids moderation. I know the Framingham studies show that it was cholesterol and saturated fat, but now they’re questioning that. So I tell them moderation. So you don’t want too much fat. You don’t want too much sugar and eat lots of fruits and vegetables for the vitamins and minerals.

AUBREY: I love that. I love banging the moderation drum. I think it’s excellent advice. I mean, one thing I would point out – she mentioned the Framingham Study. That’s one of these big studies where they follow tens of thousands of people for decades. And then they see how their diets influence the risk of disease. And what studies like this show us is really important.

So for instance, you’ll hear a study that found, oh, people who consume a lot of red meat – they have a higher risk of colorectal cancer. Now, when you look at these studies, almost without fail, what you see is it’s the dose – it’s the amount that can increase the risk of disease. So if you look at somebody eating a little bit of red meat, you don’t see much of an increased risk of the colorectal cancer, if any.

So I think the bottom line is that a little bit of something – a little bit of red meat, a little bit of sugar – that’s not going to increase your risk of heart disease or cancer. It’s when your pattern of eating includes a lot of these things, that’s where you see the increased risk.

WERTHEIMER: All right. Let’s hear from another listener.

KATE BERMAN: Hi. My name is Kate Berman (ph). I’m 75. And for the past year and a half, I’ve been on a plant-based diet – off meat, dairy, processed food and on to a delicious real whole food diet. I’ve been diagnosed with atherosclerosis heart disease. I brought my cholesterol down to 154. My low cholesterol is 77. And they had called me a pre-diabetic, but my blood sugars are now at normal levels. Oh, and I lost 40 pounds and an inch off my waist. And I eat as much as I want. And I love the food I’m eating. Thanks for asking.

AUBREY: You know, when I listen to this, the thing that jumps out at me – well, there’s a lot there. But one of the things she mentioned is that she had been considered to be pre-diabetic. That means her blood sugar levels were elevated. And she’s certainly not alone. There are 80 million Americans who have elevated blood sugar levels. This is a huge problem because everybody knows that when you go on to develop diabetes, your risks of everything go up.

So I think the point here is that we tend to get lost in the weeds of – oh, is it carbs or is it fat? You know, we have this obsession with this sort of carb-fat fight. And I think in some ways, it’s just asking the wrong question because we should kind of focus on what we do know. What she pointed out – she said she lost, I think, 14 pounds. There was this very, very important study done about 10 years ago called the Diabetes Prevention Program study.

And it found that when people change their diets in really moderate ways – they eliminate sugary drinks, sugary cereals, cut the refined carbs, started exercising just a little. If they made enough of a move to cut their body weight by 5 percent, then their risk of developing diabetes was cut 60 percent. The point here is that you can use dietary change to reverse these high blood sugar levels. And the story we just heard from Kate, I think, you know, just shows the strength of this.

WERTHEIMER: That’s Allison Aubrey, NPR’s food and health correspondent. Allison, thank you so much.

AUBREY: Thanks, Linda.

WERTHEIMER: And next week on the Call-In, with wildfires raging in the western U.S., we want to hear about your experiences with wildfire. Have you been through one? How did your community cope? What has it done since to minimize the impact of fires in the future? Please call in at 202-216-9217. Be sure to include your full name, contact info and where you’re from. That number again is 202-216-9217. And we may use your question on the air.

(SOUNDBITE OF CORDUROI’S “MY DEAR”)

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‘How I beat MS': 17 years after being diagnosed, this doctor is symptom-free, thanks to a simple 7-step plan other …

George Jelinek was 45, a father of three and a professor at the peak of his career when he was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis

George Jelinek will never forget the day he was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. 

‘It was Sunday, April 19, 1999, at about 4pm,’ he says. ‘In an instant I felt the bottom fall out of my world.

‘I knew exactly how bad MS could get and the news was utterly devastating.’ 

He was 45, a father of three and a professor of emergency medicine at the peak of his career.  

Eighteen years earlier, his wheelchair-bound mother, Eva, worn down by a 16-year losing battle with the same disease, had taken her own life at the age of 58.

Professor Jelinek and his four siblings had only been able to look on helplessly as their mother, in constant pain, had become totally dependent upon others.

His own symptoms first occurred just six days before his diagnosis. He noticed ‘an unusual sensation in the big toe of my left foot’ while at work.

Over the next couple of days, he grew increasingly concerned as the strange numbness spread quickly to his foot and then up his leg.

Even though there was no pain, he assumed he had some kind of back injury, such as a slipped disc.

Looking back, he says: ‘My very first thought should have been “I’ve got MS”. It’s known to run in families, I was the right age and the symptoms were typical. But denial is a wonderful thing.’

By the Sunday, when he finally managed to see a neurologist, the numbness had spread to his waist and he was ‘in a bit of a panic’. But Professor Jelinek was still puzzled when the specialist started talking about MS and his mother.

‘I can recall very clearly the second the penny dropped because it was a massive penny that suddenly fell from the clouds and smashed on the table.’

No one knows what triggers MS, a condition in which the immune system attacks the cells that cover and protect the fibres of the nervous system.

This interferes with the messages between the brain and the rest of the body, causing a wide range of problems, from stiffness and spasms to a devastating loss of basic bodily functions.

There are two main types of MS, which affects three times as many women as men. 

‘Relapsing-remitting’, in which new symptoms appear or old ones return for anything from a few hours to days, affects 85 per cent of patients.

With ‘progressive’ MS, symptoms steadily get worse. There is no cure, and while it does not kill, there are risks from complications, such as infections.

Eva Jelinek’s symptoms began soon after she was in a car crash on her way to work as a nurse at a psychiatric hospital.

Thrown through the windscreen, she sustained serious head injuries.  

Eighteen years before his diagnosis, his wheelchair-bound mother, Eva, worn down by a 16-year losing battle with the same disease, had taken her own life at the age of 58

Professor Jelinek, with his parents and brother Pete,  had only been able to look on helplessly as his mother, in constant pain, had become totally dependent upon others

By the time Professor Jelinek went to university, his mother was in a wheelchair ‘and it was becoming pretty clear how awful things were getting’, he recalls.

At the end, ‘she was lucid, intelligent and insightful, but physically unable to care for herself in any way’. However, she did manage to build up a secret stockpile of the barbiturates she was taking daily to help her sleep.

The young George was with his mother the night before she died ‘and I remember she was tearful when I said goodnight, but, of course, I had no idea of the significance’.

When he was told he, too, had the disease, he knew what was coming. ‘I’d lived this diagnosis with my mother. Now that diagnosis was mine and I knew exactly where it was going to take me.’

THE SEVEN STEPS TO BEATING MS

EAT well. Give up meat, dairy and other foods high in saturated fats in favour of a plant-based wholefood diet with seafood, supplemented by 20-30 millilitres a day of omega-3 fatty acids, ideally from flaxseed oil.

EXERCISE regularly. Aim for 30 minutes a day, five days a week.

GET enough sun and vitamin D. Top up with vitamin D supplements and, if possible, up to 15 minutes of sunlight five times a week.

MEDITATE. Helps to control stress, a trigger for MS relapses.

PROTECT your family. Relatives are at high risk of contracting MS and following the programme can prevent that.

MEDICATION. Continue taking drugs prescribed by your doctor.

CHANGE your life. Make looking after yourself a priority and embrace the programme as ‘a great, new way to live well’.

But that wasn’t where it would take Professor Jelinek.

Instead of waiting for the disease to overwhelm him, he embarked on a journey of discovery and research, tracking down and analysing hundreds of half-forgotten medical papers, some dating back to the Thirties, and collaborating with a community of MS sufferers he began to build around the world.

In the process, the Australian emergency specialist changed career in his late 50s, leaving St Vincent’s Hospital Melbourne three years ago to set up a pioneering neurology research unit at the University of Melbourne.

What he has learnt, he believes, saved his life. Seventeen years on from his diagnosis and aged 62, the father of five says he has ‘no symptoms — I’m perfectly well’. 

In fact, swimming and running regularly, ‘I’m actually fitter and healthier than I have been at any time in my life’. 

His secret? As he reveals in his new book, Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis, it’s the result of a simple, evidence-based recovery programme that is centred on dietary and lifestyle changes.

It’s being hailed by MS experts as a life-saving breakthrough for the disease. 

Amongst the many endorsements for the book, the one of which Professor Jelinek is most proud comes from Professor Gavin Giovannoni, chair of neurology at Barts hospital in London and a leading light in the field of MS research.

Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis, says Professor Giovannoni, ‘is a self-help guide that will not only empower people living with MS, but act as a manual on how they should manage their disease and their life’. 

He would, he adds, ‘have no hesitation in recommending it to my patients [and] my friends and colleagues’. 

Professor Jelinek was 45, a father of three and a professor of emergency medicine at the peak of his career when he received his devastating diagnosis

Eva Jelinek’s symptoms began soon after she was in a car crash on her way to work as a nurse at a psychiatric hospital. Thrown through the windscreen, she sustained serious head injuries. By the time he went to university, his mother was in a wheelchair ‘and it was becoming pretty clear how awful things were getting’

Professor Jelinek’s formula, which is being hailed by experts as a life-changing breakthrough, boils down to seven demanding steps based on ‘a rigorous analysis of the best available scientific evidence’. 

Each step has been tried and tested by the thousands of MS patients worldwide who have joined Professor Jelinek’s online community. 

The programme has been shown to be effective in more than a dozen published papers based on their experiences.

One study of almost 2,500 patients, published in the International Journal of Neuroscience in 2013, demonstrated that ‘frequent consumption of fish and omega-3 fatty acid supplementation are strongly associated with improved quality of life, reduced disease activity and disability’.

Another study, in the journal Nutritional Neuroscience, with over 2,000 patients found ‘significant associations’ between healthy eating and ‘better physical and mental health-related quality of life and a lower level of disability’.

Professor Jelinek’s search for answers began almost as soon as he left his neurologist’s office that bleak day in 1999. 

‘I had no idea there was anything you could do about MS and that was certainly clear from the way the neurologist delivered the news,’ he says.

‘It was, ‘“Look, buddy, I’ve got terrible news. You’ve got this incurable progressive neurological disease and there’s nothing you can do about it”.’

The young George was with his mother the night before she died ‘and I remember she was tearful when I said goodnight, but, of course, I had no idea of the significance’, he recalls 

But a few days later he stumbled on a paper published in The Lancet in July 1990 and ‘when I read it I almost wept — why hadn’t somebody said anything about this?’

The paper, Effect Of Low Saturated Fat Diet In Early And Late Cases Of Multiple Sclerosis, was by Roy Swank, a U.S. neurologist who spent his career studying the link with nutrition.

He found variations in the occurrence of MS in Switzerland, with higher rates in the north — dominated by German culture and high-fat cuisine — compared with the south, where people ate Mediterranean food. Swank wondered if diet might be the key.

He tested the theory in Norway and found the incidence of MS was four times higher inland, where people were dependent on meat, than in coastal areas, where fish formed the bulk of the diet. 

Swank followed 144 people with MS over 34 years and concluded in his Lancet paper that those who stuck to less than 20g of fat a day ‘showed significantly less deterioration and much lower death rates’.

‘As soon as I read Swank’s paper, I found hope,’ says Professor Jelinek. ‘My energy and passion came back. I started to follow up all these clues in the literature and one thing just led to another.’

With research straddling a number of disciplines, he began to make connections others had missed. Within a few months he’d identified lifestyle and dietary changes and became his own guinea pig.

‘It took years for the symptoms to disappear,’ he says. ‘It was gradual, but seven years after diagnosis I realised I no longer had them.’ 

‘As soon as I read Swank’s paper, I found hope,’ says Professor Jelinek. ‘My energy and passion came back. I started to follow up all these clues in the literature and one thing just led to another’

In 2002, Professor Jelinek began holding week-long residential workshops to spread the word among MS patients and has built a community of 16,000 on Facebook, Twitter and a chat forum.

Three years ago, he decided: ‘I wasn’t really going to change anything much if I didn’t contribute to the research in this area.’

So, with funding from the MS community, he founded the Neuroepidemiology Unit at the University of Melbourne, which in the past year has published a dozen papers.

‘It’s important for people with MS to know it need not be a relentless, progressive deterioration,’ he says.

‘And we have found age doesn’t matter, nor does it matter how disabled you are — it’s possible to stabilise the illness at any stage.’

Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis is dedicated to his mother.

‘That’s where my motivation came from,’ he says. ‘Not only from seeing Mum’s suffering and the way she was forced to end her life, and the realisation I would be in that position, but also thinking about the tens of thousands of people in the same situation. It just doesn’t have to be that way.’

‘Your future is actually much more in your hands than it is in your doctor’s.’

Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis (Allen Unwin, £16.99) by Professor George Jelinek is published this week. To order a copy at the special price of £13.59 (valid until July 12), call 0844 571 0640 or visit mailbookshop.co.uk. (PP free on orders over £15).

For further information on Professor Jelinek’s approach go to: overcomingms.org 

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